Statistical methods

Statistics is the science of collecting and analysing numerical data in order to infer meaning from the data.

Statisticians exist for a reason, statistics is complicated and attempting to understand the entire breadth of statistics would be unrealistic and near on impossible. Papers should look to present data using statistical methods that are explicit and attempts to answer the question being posed as simply as possible.

There are some statistical concepts that are referred to frequently in papers that we would benefit from understanding and this section will focus on those.

This podcast covers

  • Accuracy
  • Precision
  • Prevalence
  • Incidence
  • The hypothesis
  • P-values
  • Confidence intervals
  • False positives
  • False negatives
  • Power calculations

Once you’ve listened help consolidate the topics covered with the questions below.