Course Structure

Evidence Based Medicine, what is it?
What is Critical Appraisal?
How to find papers to answer your question?
How a paper is structured
Different forms of research
Different terminology used to describe research designs
Different categories of evidence
Hierarchy of evidence
Further terminology to be aware of
Statistical methods
Being Aware of Outcomes
Diagnostic studies
Terminology to be aware of in a diagnostic paper
Likelihood ratios and area under the curve
Critical Appraisal of a Diagnostic Study
Therapeutic studies
Treatment effect
Critical Appraisal of a Therapeutic Study
Final Quiz
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[learndash_course_progress] Onto the most important parts of therapeutic papers, what difference does the treatment make? There are several ways to describe the treatment effect, several of which can be used, consciously or not, to lead to a description that overstates the effect.

[learndash_course_progress] Ultimately as clinicians we all want to make a difference to our patients, and that comes down to therapy. Understanding whether a therapy is effective or not and if so to what extent is essential when we decide on treatment. In

[learndash_course_progress] Diagnosis and risk stratification defines what we do in EM the most which leads to diagnostic studies being of huge interest. In an ideal world a test would always identify the disease when it is present and always rule it

[learndash_course_progress] It might sound obvious, but the outcomes that researchers look to prove are hugely important. Thought needs to be given to their significance not just statistically but from a patient orientated point of view. A study will frequently look at several

[learndash_course_progress] There are frequently used terms when discussing critical appraisal, in this section we run through them which will help when it comes to later discussions and reviews of specific papers. This podcast covers Chance Bias Confounding Internal validity External validity Homogeneous